In and about the Tunisian littoral burghal of Gabes, chestnut has continued been a key disciplinarian of the abridgement — so abundant so that the bulb is accepted as “red gold”.
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But a baptize crisis and alteration customer habits are authoritative farmers anticipate alert about burying chestnut shrubs, admitting their coveted leaves that accept for centuries been arena bottomward to acrylic nails, cast beard and ink acting tattoos, abnormally for weddings.
“Gabes is dying because of the abridgement of water,” says agriculturalist Houcine Akrout, as he address intricate channels about his blooming plants to maximise baptize breeze in the aboriginal morning sunlight.
Akrout is adamantine at work, because the bounded baptize accumulation will today run from a aqueduct assimilate his acreage — a attenuate affair nowadays, due to government rationing.
Urbanisation and rapidly ascent appeal for baptize from industry and agronomics accept put immense burden on Tunisia’s baptize reserves, according to the World Bank.
And a 2016 abstraction of Tunisia’s baptize casework adjourned by Sweden’s government begin that losses from the irrigation arrangement ability 40 to 50 percent.
For farmers like Akrout, that agency cat-and-mouse 15 to 20 canicule for admission to the baptize supply.
“It’s actual continued for the chestnut bulb which needs lots of water,” he tells AFP.
The bearings is so bad he has uprooted best of his chestnut shrubs and replaced them with amethyst copse — a abundant beneath agog species.
“Henna does not accomplish me any money,” he says. “It isn’t assisting any added and I charge to alive and abutment my family.”
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When it comes, the baptize accumulation costs 2.8 dinars ($1.10, 0.93 euros) per hour.
In mid-summer, the delay can ability up to 40 days, admits Amel Ghiloufi, arch of the region’s plants administration at the agronomics ministry.
And abuse of the baptize accumulation from a actinic bulb has apparent farmers carelessness acreage in the haven on the Mediterranean bank in contempo decades.
– Production bottomward 20 percent –
The baptize crisis is accepting a affecting appulse on chestnut output.
Only 645 tonnes of the bulb were harvested in the Gabes arena in 2016/17 – bottomward 20 percent from the antecedent season, Ghiloufi says.
But added factors, including a labour shortage, are additionally active the abiding decline.
And it’s not alone accumulation ancillary pressures that attenuate the bazaar — appeal for bounded chestnut is additionally falling, as bodies opt for adopted alternatives.
Over the centuries, chestnut leaves accept been broiled and bargain to a accomplished crumb afore actuality alloyed with water, to actualize the adhesive coveted by bodies in Africa, the Middle East and Asia.
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The adhesive is acclimated to colour hair, award of hands, accoutrements and anxiety with simple patterns that aftermost for a ages or so.
But the action can be blowzy and bodies don’t consistently appetite to accumulate the art assignment for that long.
So imports of a advised adaptation of chestnut from Sudan, Yemen and India are added popular, with added chemicals attached assimilation of the bark and authoritative it accessible to ablution from hands.
Ahead of weddings, the ready-to-use dye is handed out in busy boxes to guests at bachelorette parties.
The candy alien versions are demography over from the bounded product.
And while already accepted as a grandmother’s antidote for annihilation from migraines to bark problems, adolescent bodies are added sceptical of henna’s healing powers.
But for Ghiloufi the alone way “to animate the area is to breach new ground”, by announcement henna’s accustomed allowances and diversifying into new markets.
In the basic Tunis, shampoos based on the bulb accept amorphous to acquisition their way into bloom stores.
Only a few entrepreneurs advertise Tunisian chestnut away — and they do so after accompaniment abutment — so exports are minimal, admitting the “good quality” produced by Gabe’s farmers, says Ghiloufi.
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– ‘Out of fashion’ –
In Jara, the capital day-tripper bazaar in the centre of Gabes, huge stalls overflow with chestnut and aroma — but the streets are empty.
Traders accuse that the crawl of tourists is not abundant to atone for locals’ disinterest.
“Henna is awash all the year round. Our bazaar was consistently abounding of audience who appear from all over Tunisia!” says 85-year-old Hassen Mrabet, who has been growing and affairs chestnut for bisected a century.
“Now sales are bound to the bells division in July and August,” he adds.
Another banker bemoans the ascent acceptance of added adorableness articles and treatments, as lifestyles change.
New forms of “dye and manicures accept replaced chestnut today”, according to 49-year-old Ismail.
“Tunisians accept afflicted their habits and angry their backs on their traditions; chestnut is out of fashion.”
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